Portrait of Szymon Laks by Marcin Władyka based on a photography of an unknown author from the archives of the Laks' family.

Szymon Laks

(01 November 1901 – 11 December 1983) composer and author, born in Warsaw, died in Paris. He initially studied mathematics at the Stefan Batory University in Wilno (now Vilnius in the Republic of Lithuania) between 1919 and 1921. Subsequently, between 1921 and 1924, he studied composition and counterpoint with Roman Statkowski, harmony with Piotr Rytel and conducting with Henryk Melcer at the Konserwatorium Warszawskie (Warsaw Conservatoire). Simultaneously, he attended Warsaw University, where – as an auditor (unrolled student) – he studied mathematics and philosophy. In 1926, he travelled to Paris, where, between 1927 and 1929, he complemented his studies of composition under Paul Vidal and conducting with Henri Rabaudat the Conservatoire National de Musique. Since 1927, he was involved in the activities of the Stowarzyszenie Młodych Muzyków Polaków (Association of Young Polish Musicians) in Paris.

He spent the beginning of the Second World War in the French capital. Arrested by the Germans in 1941, he was interned in a camp near Orleans and deported to Auschwitz in 1942, where he was kept for two years (he was a member and, subsequently, a conductor of the camp orchestra). Since 1944 until the end of the war, he was incarcerated in the Dachau camp.

After the liberation, he returned to Paris, where he was granted French citizenship. He wrote down his war-time experiences, including being kept in the slave camps, in the book titled Musiques d’un autre monde (published in 1948), for which he was awarded a best contemporary account prize in Paris in 1947, and later in Gry oświęcimskie (published in 1979). He did not compose much: initially, he wrote mostly occasional pieces. Subsequently, after a hiatus caused by the effects of his war-time trauma and disease, he resumed his compositional activities in the 1960s to mostly write to poems inspired by his collaboration with singer Halina Szymulska. Since 1972, he was almost exclusively preoccupied by his duties as an opinion journalist and author (including articles written for the Polish music magazine Ruch Muzyczny).

For his work as a composer, Szymon Laks was granted a number of prizes and awards: in 1928, his jazz fantasia Blues symphonique for orchestra and saxophone (1928) won an honourable mention at the CompositionCompetition of the Association of Young PolishComposers in Paris; in 1949, hisballadeHommage à Chopin for piano won an honourable mention at the CompositionCompetition of the PolishComposers’ Union and his song setting of Adam Mickiewicz’spoemPolały się łzy me for voice and piano won a prize at the Competition of the Minister of Culture and Art and Polish Radio in Warsaw; and in 1964, his Concerto da camera for piano, nine wind instruments and percussion won the First Prize at the International Composition Competition in Divonne-les-Bains

Source: www.polmic.pl.

Chamber works

  • Chorale for 4 trombones, 1973

  • Concert Sonata for violin and piano, 1929

    Details:

    work lost

  • Concert Suite for trombone and piano, 1967 Borrow

  • Concertino for reed trio, 1965 Buy

  • Concerto da Camera for piano, 9 wind instruments and percussion, 1963 Borrow

    Details:

    Facsimile / manuscript

  • Dialogue for two cellos, 1964 Buy

  • Divertimento for flute, violin, cello and piano, 1966 Buy

    Details:

    or violin, clarinet, bassoon and piano

  • Little Suite for string quartet, 1926

  • Passacaille for cello and piano, 1946 Buy

    Details:

    or violin and piano

  • Piano Quintet on Polish folk themes , 1967 Buy

  • Polish Suite for violin and piano, 1935 Buy

  • Quintet for wind instruments, 1929

    Details:

    work lost

  • Sinfonietta for string orchestra, 1936 Borrow

  • Sonata for cello and piano, 1932 Buy

  • String Quartet No. 1, 1928

    Details:

    work lost

  • String Quartet No. 2, 1932

    Details:

    work lost

  • String Quartet No. 3 on Polish folk themes, 1945 Buy

  • String Quartet No. 4, 1962 Buy

  • String Quartet No. 5, 1963 Buy

  • Symphony for string orchestra, 1964 Borrow

  • Trois pièces de concert for cello and piano, 1933 Buy

Piano works

  • Ballad "Hommage à Chopin", 1949 Buy

  • Blues and Polka, 1945 Buy

  • Prelude, ca. 1950 Buy

  • Sonatina, 1928 Buy

  • Suite dans le gout ancien, 1966 Buy